What causes meningitis in college students?

Meningitis, or meningococcal disease, is caused by bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis. Roughly 1 in 10 people may have these bacteria without signs, acting as unknowing carriers. Although, most of the patients will develop symptoms resembling the flu.

How common is meningitis in college?

The researchers counted 166 cases of meningococcal disease (all serogroups) in the target population during the 2 years. The average annual incidence was 0.17 cases per 100,000 people. There were 88 MenB cases, including 60 in college students and 28 in non-students.

Why do students get meningitis?

Meningococcal disease is bacterial and causes bloodstream infections and meningitis. College students, especially those living in residence halls, are prone to contracting the disease because of their close proximity to each other.

What is the most common cause of meningitis?

Viral infections are the most common cause of meningitis, followed by bacterial infections and, rarely, fungal and parasitic infections.

Why do college students have to get meningitis vaccine?

College campuses have reported outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease in recent years. CDC recommends the use of a serogroup B meningococcal (MenB) vaccine for people at increased risk during these outbreaks.

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Where does meningitis rash appear?

Meningitis rash

The rash can be harder to see on dark skin. Check paler areas, such as the palms of the hands, soles of the feet , roof of the mouth, tummy, whites of the eyes or the inside of the eyelids.

How long does Meningitis vaccine last?

Meningitis vaccines are thought to only last for about five years, according to the Center for Young Women’s Health. Adults can also get the meningitis vaccine if their doctors recommend it.

How long can you have meningitis without knowing?

The first symptoms of viral meningitis typically appear between 3 to 7 days after being exposed to the infection. Symptoms of bacterial meningitis appear and progress quickly – bacterial meningitis is the most dangerous type of meningitis, and the infection progresses the fastest.

Can a 12 year old get meningitis?

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. People of any age can get meningitis. But it can spread easily among those living in close quarters, so teens, college students, and boarding-school students are at higher risk for infection.

Does Meningitis go away by itself?

Viral meningitis (when meningitis is caused by a virus) is the most common type of meningitis. Most people get better on their own without treatment. However, anyone with symptoms of meningitis should see a doctor right away because any type of meningitis can be serious.

What does meningitis headache feel like?

Usually headache is the predominant symptom, but fever is also usually present and the neck is stiff. Bending the neck forward greatly aggravates the pain. The headache is generalized all over the head. Drowsiness and confusion may be present in the more severe cases.

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Can meningitis cause problems later in life?

Most people make a full recovery from meningitis, but it can sometimes cause serious long-term problems and can be life threatening.

Who is at risk for meningitis B?

Anyone can get meningococcal disease but certain people are at increased risk, including: Infants younger than one year old. Adolescents and young adults 16 through 23 years old. People with certain medical conditions that affect the immune system.

Why shouldn’t I get the meningitis vaccine?

You shouldn’t get either type of meningococcal vaccine if you: Are moderately or seriously ill; wait until you recover. Have had a serious allergic reaction (called anaphylaxis) to a previous dose. Had a severe reaction to any part of the vaccine.

Is there a vaccine for meningococcal B?

The meningococcal B vaccine (MenB) protects against a fifth type of meningococcal bacterium (called type B). It is fairly new and not yet recommended as a routine vaccination for healthy people. But some kids and teens (ages 16 through 23) who are at increased risk for meningococcal disease might get it.

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